News > What are the different types of electronic door sensors available in the market?

What are the different types of electronic door sensors available in the market?

Edor | 2024/05/20

Electronic door sensors are integral components of modern security and access control systems, offering reliable detection of door activity and enhancing safety and convenience. These sensors come in various types, each with its unique features and applications. In this article, we delve into the different types of electronic door sensors available in the market and their respective functionalities:

1. Magnetic Door Sensors

Description: Magnetic door sensors, also known as reed switches, consist of two main components: a magnet and a magnetic switch. The magnet is typically installed on the door frame, while the magnetic switch is mounted on the door. When the door is closed, the magnet and switch are in close proximity, completing a circuit. Opening the door disrupts this magnetic field, triggering the sensor.

Applications: Magnetic door sensors are commonly used for basic door monitoring and intrusion detection in residential and commercial settings. They are simple, cost-effective, and reliable, making them a popular choice for many security applications.

2. Infrared (IR) Motion Sensors

Description: Infrared motion sensors detect movement by sensing changes in infrared radiation within their detection range. When motion is detected, these sensors trigger an alarm or activate a door opening mechanism. They are available in passive infrared (PIR) and active infrared (AIR) variants.

Applications: Infrared motion sensors are widely used for automatic door activation in public buildings, such as supermarkets, hospitals, and airports. They are also employed in security systems to detect unauthorized entry or movement within a designated area.

3. Ultrasonic Door Sensors

Description: Ultrasonic door sensors emit high-frequency sound waves and measure the time it takes for the waves to reflect back from nearby objects. Any changes in the reflected waves, such as those caused by movement, are detected by the sensor.

Applications: Ultrasonic door sensors are suitable for areas where precise motion detection is required, such as automatic sliding doors in retail stores or pedestrian access control systems in office buildings. They are effective in detecting both human and non-human movement.

4. Microwave Door Sensors

Description: Microwave door sensors emit microwaves and measure the frequency shift caused by moving objects within their detection range. They are capable of detecting motion through walls and other obstacles, offering increased sensitivity and coverage compared to infrared sensors.

Applications: Microwave door sensors are commonly used in high-security environments, such as banks, data centers, and government facilities. They are also suitable for outdoor applications, such as perimeter security and gate automation systems.

5. Touchless Door Sensors

Description: Touchless door sensors use proximity sensing technology to detect the presence of a person without physical contact. They can utilize infrared, ultrasonic, or capacitive sensing methods to detect motion or the presence of a hand near the sensor.

Applications: Touchless door sensors are ideal for hands-free access control in environments where hygiene is a priority, such as hospitals, laboratories, and cleanrooms. They are also used in public restrooms, elevators, and automatic sliding doors to improve convenience and accessibility.

6. Pressure Mat Sensors

Description: Pressure mat sensors are activated when pressure is applied to the mat's surface, indicating the presence of a person or object. These sensors are typically installed under floor mats or carpets near doorways.

Applications: Pressure mat sensors are commonly used for automatic door activation in retail stores, healthcare facilities, and public buildings. They are also employed in security systems to detect unauthorized entry or to trigger alarms in restricted areas.


The variety of electronic door sensors available in the market caters to a wide range of applications, from basic door monitoring to advanced access control and security systems. By understanding the different types of sensors and their respective functionalities, users can choose the most suitable option for their specific needs, whether it's basic intrusion detection, automatic door activation, or touchless access control. As technology continues to advance, we can expect further innovations in electronic door sensor technology, enhancing their performance, reliability, and versatility in various applications.



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